The 1st Erasmus MC Conference on Acute Stroke Treatment aims to provide an overview of the current status of acute stroke treatment, to highlight current basic and research activities, to foster exchange of knowledge between basic and clinical scientists, and to create an optimal environment for interaction between experts and young researchers. The conference is a place where scientific communities of different disciplines present, discuss and exchange their ideas. During the conference, experts will present on overview of all topics currently relevant in acute stoke treatment. In addition, clinical and basic researchers will present their newest and exciting results in the main sessions as well as during poster sessions, and interact directly with leading experts. Two workshops, on neuro-imaging and trial design for stroke, will be organized for young clinicians/researchers.